Geneva: Tipografiia Soiuza Russkikh Sotsialdemokratov, 1902. Small octavo (15 × 10.5 cm). Original printed staple-stitched wrappers; 20 pp. Wrappers detached from block; upper spine extremity frayed; small tear along the staple. Internally very good. Item #6723
Second edition (first published in 1898). In unusual folktale form, this brochure promotes the cooperative movement of the working classes. The brochure is a publication of the Russian Social-Democratic Labor Party (RSDRP), which was founded in 1891 to unite the diverse movements struggling for workers’ liberation in Russia and abroad. The party eventually split into the Menshevik and Bolshevik factions (with Lenin on the side of the Bolsheviks), and was dissolved after the October Revolution. The author, Ekaterina Dmitrievna Kuskova (1869-1958), was a writer, activist, revolutionary, and an early member of RSDRP. In 1899 Kuskova became skeptical of orthodox Marxism and became a proponent of so-called Economism, publishing the controversial pamphlet “Credo” on the subject. Her views were met with hostility by Plekhanov and Lenin and she was expelled from RSDRP as a result. Kuskova did not support the Bolshevik revolution but stayed in Russia throughout the Russian Civil War (1918-1922) working in famine relief. In 1922 she was forced to emigrate, settling in Geneva. This brochure was banned by censorship, with an ‘arrest’ imposed on the publication, and at least 400 copies of the book confiscated. Third and fourth editions were printed in Russia in 1905 and 1917. KVK, OCLC show copies of the second edition at Yale, Columbia, Cornell, Yivo Institute, Wisconsin, Kansas, Hoover Institution, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Staatsbiblithek zu Berlin, Humboldt, Vienna and Geneva.