Paris: Vozrozhdenie, 1938. Octavo (19 × 14 cm). Original printed wrappers; 60,  pp. Unopened and uncut. Light foxing to front wrapper, still very good or better. Item #6579
First edition. First Russian translation of Benito Mussolini’s programmatic essay on fascism, originally published in the Italian Encyclopedia of Science in 1932. A Russian fascist Viacheslav Novikov translated the text and wrote an introduction to this edition, in which he glosses the rising interest in fascism within the Russian white émigré community, starting with the attempted formation of a Russian fascist party in 1924 in Serbia, under the leadership of Prof. D.P. Ruzskii and Gen. P.V. Cherskii. A Russian fascist party was finally formed within the White émigré community in Manchuria in 1931. Novikov also discusses the publication of the fascist journal “Klich” (Cry) in Belgium in which he seems to have published under the pseudonym Verista. Viacheslav Novikov (-1966) was a St. Petersburg lawyer, later a legal counsel to Aleksander Kolchak during his tenure as the head of the White government in Siberia (1918-1920). From 1920 onward, Novikov lived in emigration in Paris. In 1926 he published a monograph “Fascism. Notes on Italian Fascism”, with this translation as his second major contribution to the development of Russian fascist thought. KVK, OCLC show copies at Amherst, NYPL, UNC, Ohio, Wisconsin, Stanford and the British Library.