Moscow: Tipografiia T-va I. D. Sytina, 1917. Octavo (20.8 × 14.8 cm). Original printed wrappers; 16 pp. Wrappers with old vertical crease and moisture stain (not affecting text); else very good. Item #6520
Evidently the first stand-alone publication to treat the complex changes to Russian orthography initiated long before WWI, but famously brought to fruition after the February Revolution. Sakulin sketches the origins of the effort to "simplify" the Russian language and reproduces, at length, the results of the resolution passed on May 11, 1917, which led to the removal of four letters, as well as orthographical changes to certain case endings, such as the genitive. A third section presents the linguistic and historical reasons for these changes, resulting in the author's assertion that the reform leads to a more "scientific" orthography, based on the gradual development of Russian, rather than a mere simplification along the lines of "write as you hear." The plan as outlined by Sakulin was approved by the Provisional Government, which mandated its use in Soviet schools beginning in 1917, and the Bolshevik decree of December 23, 1917 finally ordered the May resolution to be implemented without exceptions. KVK, OCLC only show the copy at Aix-en-Provence; Harvard holds a microfilm.