Berlin: Izdanie Chrezvychainoi Missii Beloruskoi Narodnoi Respubliki, 1919. Octavo (23 × 13 cm). Original staple-bound card wrappers; 29 pp. With an errata sheet (pasted inside front wrapper). Stiff wrappers rubbed; small chips; library stamps of the Boris Nicolaevsky collection at the Hoover Institution and a stamp of the Jewish Labor Bund Archive; text unmarked; still good or better. Item #135
An important document of the short-lived Belarusian Democratic Republic (BDR), an independent Belarusian state that existed from 1918-19 – between the signing of the Brest-Litovsk Treaty and the invasion of the Red Army in 1919, after which a puppet Socialist Republic was established. However, a number of European states, including Germany, recognized the BDR's status as an independent state. A government in exile was formed, which continues to represent the interests of an independent Belarusian people today. Aliaksandr Tsvikevich (1888-1937) was a founding member who represented the Republic's interests abroad. He returned to Minsk in 1925 and in 1937 fell victim to Soviet repressions against Belarusian nationalists. This pamphlet was published by the Special Diplomatic Mission of the Belarusian Democratic Republic in Berlin in 1919, which was led by Tsvikevich. In it, he briefly outlines the history of Belarus, explains its role amongst the various Slavic countries in Eastern Europe after WWI, and describes the chief obstacles to national independence, above all the imperialist politics of Poland and Russia. An impassioned plea for the small border state's independence. Rare. OCLC shows four copies in the US, one in Japan and one at the British Library.